Rome’s history spans 28 centuries. A true dream for historians, archaeologists, and art historians, Italy and Rome’s heritage can be found everywhere throughout the city, and inside the numerous archives preserved in the palaces and buildings scattered around its 19 municipalities.
The State Archives of Rome, holding documents from the old Papal rule in the territories of the State of the Church, to the contemporary ones concerning the area of the Province of Rome is located in an ancient wonderful building in the very centre of the city, a masterpiece of the famous Baroque architect Borromini.
Not far from the State Archives is the Archivio storico Capitolino, the historical archive of the Municipality, from Middle Ages to recent days.
The Archivio centrale dello Stato (Central State Archives) in the area of EUR, preserves the historical documentation of the unitary Italian State as the documentation produced by the central state bodies (government, administrative, judicial and consultative); the archives received from public bodies of national importance; archives of national importance received from private individuals.
Since 2017 the Archive keeps the documentation produced by the central organs of the State and by the Intelligence bureau relating to the most significant episodes of terrorism in the country: the kidnapping and killing of Aldo Moro (1978) and the massacres that marked the history of the country from Piazza Fontana (12 December 1969) to Rapido 904 (23 December 1984)
The religious communities in Rome own precious archival treasures, just to mention two: the worldwide famous Vatican Secret Archive, with its 85km of documentation, and the notable Historical Archive of the Roman Jewish Community.